The work visa is for those individual who are willing to travel from home country to United States for temporary working purpose for a specific duration. The specified duration of time you will be working should be noted in the offer of employment contract and visa application.
This types of visa do not allow individuals to work in the U.S.A permanently. Applicants are required to fulfill a list of visa requirements and submit the all required documents specified in the eligibility requirements section of this article to be eligible for a temporary work visa in USA.
Types of Work Visa
There are 13 types of work visa category in USA currently available which are:
H-1B Visa: Person / Individual in specialty occupation or qualification. H-1B visa is for those individual who has specialty occupation including a higher education degree or its equivalent.
H-1B1 Visa: Free Trade Agreement (FTA) Professional – Chile & Singaporean only. H-1B1 visa is for those individual who has specialty occupation including a post-secondary degree as well at least four years of study in the field of specialization.
H-2A Visa: Temporary Agricultural Worker for all foreign national. H-2A visa is for those individual who would like to work in USA via temporary or seasonal agricultural work visa. It is limited to citizens or foreign nationals of designated countries with limited exceptions.
H-2B Visa: Temporary Non-Agricultural worker visa. H-2B visa is for those individual who would like to work in USA via temporary or seasonal non-agricultural work visa. It is limited to citizens or foreign nationals of designated countries with limited exceptions. Example: IT, Resorts or beach etc.
H-3 Visa: Trainee or Special education visitor visa. H-3 visa is for those individual who would like to receive training other than graduate medical or academic. It is not available in trainee’s home country in the education of children with mental, physical or emotional disabilities.
I-Visa: Journalist of Foreign media. I-Visa is for those individual who are employee of a foreign media and act as a journalist to work & provide information to the media.
L1 Visa: Intracompany Transferee. L1 visa is been issued for those individual who work at a branch, affiliate or subsidiary of the current employer in a managerial or executive position. Individual must have been employed by the same employer abroad continuously for 1 year within the three preceding years.
P-1 Visa: Team Athlete or Member of Entertainment group. P-1 visa is for those individuals who are working in a entertainment group or athlete of foreign national.
P-2 Visa: Artist & Entertainer. P-2 visa is for individual who are popular artist & entertainer; who would like to come in the U.S to show their performance under a reciprocal exchange program between an organization.
P-3 Visa: Artist or Entertainer (Individual or Group). P-3 visa is for individuals and group who would love to work or permform under a group of organization in the U.S.
R-1 Visa: Temporary Non-Immigrant Religious workers visa. R-1 visa is only issued for those individual or expert who are willing to work under any religious group or organization for specific duration of time in the U.S.
TN Visa: NAFTA workers visa. TN visa is only for those individual who are lawyers, scientists, engineers, teachers from Canada to work in the US temporarily.
O Visa: O1 visa is for those individual who have expertise in the area of science, business, education, athletics, or art including international recognition to work in the United States.
This is all visas that is available for different types of individual who are willing to be eligible for USA work visa.
USA Work Visa Qualifications
To obtain USA work visa, you are required to fulfill the three preconditions otherwise, the Embassy might deny your visa application which are as follows:
1. Offer of Employment.
2. Approved petition by the U.S Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS).
3. Labor certification approval by the Department of Labor (DOL).
You have to be accepted by an employer to have offer of employment contract and two other documents will be arranged or managed by your employer and he will get you to face local embassy in your country.
Read more, how to find a job in USA as a foreigner?
USA Work Visa Requirements
To start your USA work visa application process, you need to have these documents for local embassy submission which are as follows:
1. Valid Passport: Your passport validity should have an additional six months besides entire duration of your stay in the U.S.
2. US visa photo: You need to upload photograph when you fill out the visa application form.
3. The Receipt Number: You need to find on your approved petition for Non-Immigrant Worker (I-129 Form) which your employer filled and provides you.
4. Non-Immigrant Visa Application (DS-160 Form) confirmation page that you have completed.
5. Receipt of paid visa application fee for proof. For US work visas, the application fee is $190. There might me any other additional fees that apply based to your location, so you should check with your local U.S Embassy.
Also you need to provide the following documents which are:
* Submit your economic situation via personal or family bank statements.
* Your family relationships in the U.S or home country for visa and economic proofs.
* Any long term plans you might have.
* Residence that you plan on returning to.
For those who are applying for an L Visa, you will also required to filled I-129S form (Non-Immigrant Petition Based on Blank L Petition). You should bring this form with you when you have your visa interview.
For more details, you should contact with your local embassy.
When you filled all of these above criteria then you must schedule for a visa interview to your local embassy of U.S office to show to documents and all proofs for verification to be eligible for work visa. If you become fail then you might be denied and submit again and start whole process again.
When you go for visa interview, be formal or well dressed, meet on time, provide all documents they’re asking for and answer all the questions correctly with true information. Don’t provide false information which may decrease your chances of getting approval of work visa.